Bilingual Interactive E-book

PIs: Mark Warschauer, University of California Irvine, School of Education

Penelope Collins, University of California, Irvine, School of Education

Investigator: Dandan Yang, University of California Irvine, School of Education

Funding source: The International Research Foundation for English Language Education, Duolingo, University of California Irvine, University of California Office of the President


This project is aimed to explore and examine new solutions to the challenges in improving bilingual home literacy practices for children in language minority and Foreign Language (EFL) settings. Using a design-based research methodology, this innovation – an interactive bilingual story e-book, has the potential to provide dialogic reading opportunities for parents whose first language is not English and thus promote English language development for those children.

Adopting a user-centered design approach and an iterative design process, we developed an interactive e-book that included the following features: 1) English narration; 2) Multimedia dictionary with example sentences that are linguistically and developmentally appropriate for young English learners; 3) Character statement; 4) Discussion prompts & feedback.

Through a randomized control trial, we examine the impact of e-book discussion prompts with feedback on parent-child shared reading for young English language learners. We also investigate how parents and children interact with the storybook and how those interactions are associated with children’s learning.

Figure 1. E-book discussion page demonstration
Figure 2. E-book multimedia dictionary and character statement demonstration